captioned by the national captioning institute --www.ncicap.org-- >> welcome to "the journal" on dw. german police arrested the suspected islamists in connection with monday's bomb scare. >> in egypt, opponents and supporters of president morsi sig to the streets of cairo. >> the political crisis in mali deepens. the president resigned after he is arrested by coup leaders.
clucks we begin here in germany where police in the city of bonn have arrested two people after a bomb scare. >> a metal case was found in a bag at the city's main train station on monday. they're still trying to determine whether or not there was any danger or determination. the culprits were identified by any school can -- by local school children. simon joins us with the latest. what doing about the investigation so far. >> one man has been arrested and according to reports second has been made. police are not commenting, but they say they are still looking for witnesses including one man in particular.
they're continuing to examine the context of the bag found at the train station. the unconfirmed reports suggested contained butane gas, ammonium nitrate, an alarm clock, and batteries. what they have not found is a detonator. it's not yet clear whether this was a live ball or just equipment. >> what do we know about the one man who has been arrested? >> he has been identified by his lawyer as omar d. he is a known as llamas the extremist and the as a member of a small group of about 15 people of somali origin who describe themselves as german shabab. les have known about him for some time. he was one of two men they pulled off a plane in cologne
in 2008 because they feared they were heading to take part in a terrorist training camp in east africa. islamists have targeted train stations, at least one, before in germany. it appears this is another case of terrorists preparing to carry out such an attack. >> simon young, political correspondent, thank you. >> as go to egypt where an army spokespersons as president mohammad morsi will take part in peace talks. >> they called for a national dialogue as both pro-am and anti-government forces gathered. they said they will decide whether to attend the talks. >> this comes ahead of a visit scheduled for saturday for a new constitution that the opposition says is it too was promised. -- too islamist.
>> protesters preparing to breach the barriers. the president and the muslim brotherhood have alienated many egyptians saying the government does not reflect the country's diversity. egypt is too big for you to be president, says one sign. in tahrir square, people were injured after the gunman opened fire. this enraged many demonstrators. >> they attacked us from all sides. 13 or 14 people were injured including a young 13-year-old boy. >> these protesters refused to be intimidated. they planned to hit the streets in protest of saturday's planned constitutional referendum. they believe the constitution was pushed through by his islamist allies and they want to postpone the vote. >> all of these barriers here are not enough to keep 1 million
revolutionaries from continuing their protests. >> morsi's supporters are mobilizing as well. thousands of them he did the call of the muslim brotherhood and it took to the streets. >> for the latest, we're joined from a correspondent from cairo. what can you tell us about the crisis in cairo and how it is playing out on the streets? >> we have seen it two demonstrations from the different camps. the muslim brotherhood are making an advertisement now for saturday in voting yes for the constitutional address. the other demonstration, the opponents of the address summit and the opponents of ofmorsi, are trying to mobilize. i was there when the broker around the barriers of the palace.
the whole thing was pretty peaceful because the military was there. the guard was responsible for securing the palace and they immediately withdrew behind the walls of the palace. both sides were out on the street. one side and mobilizing for a yes vote. the other side, they did not decide what to do with the referendum. when you ask, you get different answers. some are saying to go and vote on saturday. others are saying the whole thing needs to go altogether. >> the head of the egyptian military has called for a meeting on wednesday. he is calling it a national dialogue. the president has said he will attend. will the opposition join him? >> we will see. this is an attempt to move the things from the streets to politics. the vice-president tonight is meeting with the opposition in
the liberation front. and they announce the big meeting with the president. we do not know yet. there seems to be a last-minute attempts to move things back to politics. one in demand will delay the referendum which is supposed to happen on saturday. we will see. maybe they will move ahead on saturday and the revolution will not take place. >> keeping us up to date there on the situation in egypt. human rights groups say a series of attacks on a town in syria house left at least 125 people dead. with the bombings in a village and they say the attacks may have been revenge strikes against the community. president assaad said their members of the small but influential minority in the country. venezuelan president hugo chavez
is in cuba preparing to undergo cancer surgery. he has named as vice president of his political successor if he dies or is incapacitated. >> this is the fourth round of surgery since he was diagnosed with cancer in 2011. the socialist leader was reelected in october. he has kept secret what kind of cancer he has and how serious it is. meanwhile, former south african president nelson mandela is spending a fourth day in the hospital due to a minor infection. >> the anti-apartheid leader was taken to a clinic near victoria. they diagnosed him with a recurrence of a lung infection. mandela has needed regular treatment in recent years causing fears among some africans over his deteriorating condition. health conditions have caused the 94 year-old to withdraw increasingly from public appearances.
our leadership culture has failed in many areas. >> and those were the words of hessinger's ceo facing the biggest crisis in the 200-year history. >> a mass of losses, corruption scandals, and disastrous investments in the u.s. and brazil. it was hoping to benefit from lower production costs at the new steel plant near rio de janeiro. the costs to build the facility have spiraled out of control. billions of euros wasted. it is a similar picture in the u.s. where a costly steel plant is incurring heavy losses due to the steel downturn. investment decisions have weighed heavily with building costs rising to 12 billion euro. to make matters worse, they have been hit with huge funds in their real division. this has triggered a leadership crisis.
the executive board has asked three top executives to leave. >> until now, there has been in management style where the old boys' network was more important than corporate success. to some extent, this led to ignoring irregularities rather than correcting them. >> despite the crisis, he is trying to reverse the fortunes. they plan to sell the troubled plants in the u.s. and reduce their presence in the risky steel sector. they are examining all options. >> for more rainiers on the reaction from traders, we have this report from stefan at the frankfurt stock exchange. >> after first report on friday saying that the greek buyback program has been a success, traders have been very disappointed. also here on the frankfurt floor, they have to wait another day until they get to know the
outcome of the greek program. uncertainty always dragging down shares. as they look at greece, but also they're watching the problems in italy. the news that mariom onti -- monti will step down. that's really dragging down the mood. >> let's look at some market numbers. dax closing up. stoxx 50 at 2624. the dow jones is currently up almost 1%. the euro is trading at $1.3007. >> agrees has reached their target in a bond buyback scheme, at least they are calling to the state tv. >> they bought the bonds at a discount of 70% from investors
and the private banks. this was a condition for them to receive further eu funds. finance ministers are set to meet to discuss releasing the bailout funds. british banking giant hsbc has agreed to pay a record $1.9 billion to settle a money- laundering case. investigated by authorities in the united states. >> hsbc was accused of using the u.s. financial system to transfer funds from mexican drug cartels and from countries like iran that had been placed under international sanctions. >> the u.s. government says hsbc invaded these practices. they've have been said to enabled terrorists and others to ensure bent sanctions. despite the hefty amount, this
will have them avoid prosecution. this is unlikely to spell doom. >> the company is are dealing with this talking about cost- cutting measures and also stripping assets. as far as the fiscal issues are concerned, it is cover bowl. the reputation may take a little bit more time for them to get that back. >> hsbc is not the only european bank facing european money laundering charges in the united states. ing had to pay the highest bond today. credit suisse was also slapped with a stiff penalty. and the world bank of scotland, lloyd's, and barclays have also had to fork out. hsbc's $2 billion fine may seem shocking at first glance, but it only represents about one-tenth of their 2011 profits.
>> the european parliament's has approved rules out aiming at cutting red tape and standardizing procedures across the eu. >> the have already given their backing to the new system which would make it easier to file for protection starting in 2014. previously, investors had the summit of applications to each be a country. the paperwork could total some 20,000 euro, most of it for translation costs. >> four years after the bailed out -- they bailed out insurance giant aig, the u.s. has sold all remaining shares in the country -- company. >> was the world's biggest insurance at the time, but this forced the u.s. government to step in amid fears over the fallout on global financial markets. a bailout worth $182 billion save the company. it is only about half the size
>> welcome back. the united nations has condemned the arrest of the prime minister of mali. late monday, he was detained by soldiers who staged a coup in march and immediately resigned from office. >> this is a serious blow to international plans to intervene in northern mali, currently under the control of islamist rebels. it appears that this has not toppled the interim government.
they made this announcement. >> our country is going through the most difficult time in its history. in this moment of crisis, men and women have been warned about the future of our nation and are hoping for peace. it is for this reason that i am resigning along with my entire government. >> he led the military coup back in march before turning power over to a civilian government. he told reporters that this was not know because he had been appointed, not elected. unlike him, he wanted to allow for soldiers into the north where extremists seized power earlier this year. the rejection of the u.n. plan have worried diplomats. >> one thing is clear.
our offer is of aid to mali are based on restoring constitutional order and it continues to be carried out credibly. >> the international community fears that the instability could spread across the region. >> a spokesperson for the military denied that another coup had taken place but said the prime minister was no longer working in the interests of the country. >> it has been a state in political crisis since last march. as we saw, islamist militants took advantage of a power vacuum and seized control of the north where they have imposed sharia law. >> once an exotic destination, the north is now a virtual no go zone for reporters and westerners. >> no. mali now under their
control. they're calling themselves the defenders of the faith. they are said to be linked to al qaeda. date run autonomously in small groups. he says the aim of the group is clear. >> we want sure real law in all -- sharia law in mali. want a muslim state. >> he is totally not compromising. >> there will be no negotiations. we will speak only with the weapons in our hands. >> the islamist militants are thought to number between 2000- 6000. no one really knows for sure. they control the streets of timbuktu and other northern cities. they call themselves the islamist police, forcing people to comply with the ban on
smoking, drinking, and western music. women cover-up whenever they go out. if not, they risk interrogation by the religious police. many people consider the militants as occupiers. timbuktu used to be home to 50,000 people. only half remain. 300 kilometers south, it is business as usual. until recently, it was a tourist trap. now it is close to the frontlines. women here can get the hair done in the public without fearing the islamist police. these boats used to bring cargo on the river niger and now today the journey is far too dangerous. on the edge of town, volunteers are learning to fight to reclaim northern territory. they're being trained by army
officials. he has been there for six months. he cannot wait to get going. >> we are not scared. the islamists don't know how to use weapons. they are just bluffing. weapons alone are not enough. we fight with our hearts. >> the army could do with any help they could get. they barely put up a fight when the northern rebels seized control. poorly equipped and trained, the 7000 soldiers would welcome european instructors. >> mali would be grateful for an offer of help. we would welcome the support of the european union. after all, we would be the beneficiary.
>> the volunteers are being prepared for guerrilla warfare. support from behind the lines for 3000 strong in african forces. military intervention has not been decided on yet. peaceful options are still being explored in order to prevent civilians being caught in the crossfire. >> and the reporter was in mali until a few days ago before they joined us in kenya. we asked if military intervention could end the conflict in northern mali. >> it may take quite some time. until now, there has not been a clear vote from the security council in the united nations. the 3300 soldiers of the west african countries that are supposed to be stationed there are still not ready. the military advisers that the european union wants to send will not be here until the
beginning of next year. training will come some months and then come the rainy season where military operations will be very difficult so it could take another six months until military operations' move ahead. this is enough time for the islamists to dig in on their positions. >> the u.s. government has declared a key syrian rebel group a terrorist organization. they said the front is trying to hijack the syrian opposition in favor of a al qaeda in iraq. >> half a million people have fled the country according to the u.n. the human observatory for human rights says the public health toll is north of 42,000. -- death toll over 42,000. he has not been to his home country in more than a decade but the 41 year-old who runs a
shop is one of the leading voices to emerge since the conflict in syria began. >> he is the founder of the syrian observatory on human rights, a group that collects information on what is happening on the ground in the war-torn country. we met up with him in the british capital. >> westminster, central london. it far cry from the battlegrounds in syria and from the back alley of his shop in coventry where he started the syrian observatory for syria. he has been invited to talk with the foreign office. >> we talk about how we can help syria with the force of the military. we now know over [inaudible] >> he meets with officials of the british foreign office for three hours. when he gets out, he is already
on the phone taking calls from syria. he wants a diplomatic solution to the syrians civil war. he says it's the only way to end the fighting. "the talk about myself. i don't talk about other people. if we continue like about, it's going to destroy the assaaad regime and it will destroy syria. >> they discuss how the meeting went. then it's time to update the web site. news agencies and journalists often turn to the observatory to find out the latest developments in the syrian war. he says he is not for one side or the other, only for human rights. a network of informants keeps him out today. he knows many of them personally. >> we have a doctor in a
military hospital, a doctor in field hospitals. we have a journalist. we have a little bit of everyone. >> he says the only publishes an permission that has been confirmed by 10 or more eyewitnesses. >> many times, they just send it out to the media. they said, someone told me. how they now know it is not from the syrian regime? if you do not see this in your eyes, you have to believe somebody. >> before he heads back north to coventry, he catches a quick bite with someone who helps him with the website. it takes time and to enjoy the meal, but the topic is still syria. when as long as the conflict
continues, there will be no rest. >> a change of pace. it was a weekend to forget for one of the top referees. the mass-circulation says he will not be in charge of any more dortmund games following a controversial call he made. >> he awarded a penalty for what he saw as a handball. the defender also received a red card. they went on to win the match 3-2. >> controversy. we will be back shortly. >> see you soon.